Pooja Verma, Dr. JR Patel and Dr. HP Agrawal
India is the largest producer and consumer of pulses in the world accounting for about 29 per cent of the world area and 19 per cent of the world’s production. In order to achieve self-sufficiency in pulses, the projected requirement by the year 2025 is estimated at 27.5 MT. To meet this requirement, the productivity needs to be enhanced to 1000 kg ha-1, and an additional area of about 3-4 M ha has to be brought under pulses besides reducing post-harvest losses. The yield levels of pulses have remained low and stagnant, also area and total production. Among the pulses major constraints in pigeon pea production is mostly grown in marginal lands under rainfed agriculture and without nutrient management, hence are prone to abiotic stresses. Therefore it is essential for higher production and productivity of pigeonpea, use of high yielding varieties with best nutrient management practices. A field experiment was conducted at Barrister Thakur Chhedilal College of Agriculture and Research Station Bilaspur C.G. find out the effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. There were 8 treatment combinations. Application of 150 per cent RDF + FYM @ 5 t ha-1 significantly increased the yields of pigeonpea crops over control and other lower doses of fertilizers and FYM. The maximum pigeonpea equivalent yield (16.75 and 16.21 q ha-1), stalk yield (55.68 q ha-1 and 54.63 q ha-1), Harvest index (23.12 % and 22.97 %), gross returns (₹ 105504 and ₹ 102123 ha-1), net returns (₹ 61297.70 and ₹ 59633 ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (1.40 and 1.38) were recorded when full recommended dose of fertilizer was applied to pigeonpea crop (T6 and T5, respectively).
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