Theyab G Hussein Al-Joubory, Emad A Saleh Al-Hyali and Mustafa R Al-Hadeethi
The research included the preparation of activated carbon, at the nano-scale from the leaves of the Sidr plant. the prepared carbon was identified using different techniques, such as infrared spectrum(FT-IR), X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope (SEM), dispersion energy X-Ray Detection (EDX) Besides surface area analysis (BET), as it showed the results of a spectrum (FT-IR), the prepared carbon does not contain any active group, that it is chemically inert and this is a good characteristic to be added to the prepared, activated carbon, as shown by the results of (XRD), the average crystal size of the prepared, activated carbon was found to be equal to (9.943)nm, which confirms that the prepared carbon contains nanoparticles, as shown by the results (SEM) and the (EDX) The sizes of the prepared carbon particles are approximately between (43.57-81.02 nm) and that the shape of the stomata (pores) on the surface bear the characteristics of nanomaterials with their properties, and that the highest percentage of carbon was (83.0%), and this result supports the efficiency of the prepared nanoscale activated carbon and its use in the adsorption process, in addition to that, activated carbon was obtained that has a surface area according to the theory(BET) How much (816.13) m2/g, It is very suitable to be used as an adsorbent and to measure the biological activity against a type of bacteria that causes water pollution. Some physical properties of carbon have also been studied, such as the percentage of moisture, density, acidity function and percentage of ash content, as it has a moisture content of about (6%) and density(0.6)g/cm3 while the pH was (7.2) and the percentage of ash content was around (2.6%).
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